Mobile application development is the process of developing software applications for mobile devices, and a typical mobile application makes use of a network connection to communicate with remote computing resources. Thus, the mobile development process begins with the creation of installable software bundles (code, binaries, and assets), followed by the implementation of backend services such as data access via an API, and finally, the testing of the application on target devices.

In today’s smartphone market, there are two dominating platforms. One is Apple Inc.’s iOS platform. Apple’s popular iPhone cellphones are powered by the iOS software. The second is Google’s Android operating system. Not only does Google employ the Android operating system, but many other OEMs use it to build their own smartphones and other smart devices.

While these two platforms share certain similarities in terms of application development, creating for iOS vs. Android requires the use of distinct software development kits (SDKs) and development toolchains. While Apple reserves iOS for its own devices, Google makes Android open to third-party developers who meet certain criteria, such as incorporating certain Google applications on their devices. By targeting both of these platforms, developers may create apps for hundreds of millions of devices.

There are Alternative in building Apps

Each of these techniques to mobile application development offers a unique mix of advantages and downsides. When developers choose the best development technique for their projects, they examine the desired user experience, the computing resources and native features required by the app, the development budget, time constraints, and maintenance resources available.

Native mobile applications are created in the platform’s programming language and frameworks and run directly on the device’s operating system, such as iOS or Android.

Native cross-platform mobile applications can be built in a variety of different programming languages and frameworks, but they are compiled to operate natively on the device’s operating system.

Hybrid mobile applications are developed using industry-standard web technologies such as JavaScript, CSS, and HTML5, and are packaged as application installation packages. In contrast to native apps, hybrid apps are built on a ‘web container’ that includes a browser runtime and a bridge to native device APIs using Apache Cordova.

By omitting app store delivery and installation, PWAs provide an alternative to standard mobile app development. PWAs are web applications that take advantage of a number of browser functionalities – such as working offline, running a background process, and putting a link to the device’s home screen – to deliver a ‘app-like’ user experience.